Sibiu, a modern western city, still preserves the traces of the flourishing mediaeval burg of former times and the Viennese baroque buildings constructed after Transylvania came under Hapsburg administration in 1699.
The city was first attested in 1191 and later renamed Hermannstadt. In the Middle Ages it was fortified with massive red brick walls, which also gave it the name of the Red Citadel, and defensive towers and bastions. The Gros, Soldisch and Haller Bastions, and the Council, Joiners, Arquebusiers, Potters and Tanners Towers have been preserved. It was one of the main trading centers of the time. The Sibiu guilds sold their goods as far away as in Vienna, Prague, Leipzig and Danzig.
The 14th century Evangelical Church, a monument representative of the Transylvanian gothic style, with its 73 meters high tower, houses a beautiful baroque organ, constructed in 1671 by a Slovak master craftsman. The Minorite Church (13th century) and Ursuline Church (1479), the Church of the former Franciscan Monastery (1716) and the Orthodox Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, built after the model of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, are all landmarks of Sibiu.
Make sure that you cross the Liar’s Bridge, the first cast iron bridge in Romania (1859): according to the legend, it will collapse on the spot if you tell a lie.
The symbol of the city is, however, the Brukenthal Palace, built in 1778-1788 by the Governor of Transylvania, Baron Samuel Brukenthal.