Another FREE National Park. You can tour the House & Industrial Site. There's a museum about the Iron Work, Hike the Nature Trail & take in the sites.
Founded by John Winthrop in Saugus, MA & in operation from 1646 to 1670. The area at the time was Lynn, MA & Winthrop believed the colonies had cheap & abundant supply of raw materials, an iron works in MA could produce good that could be sold profitably in New England & Chesapeake Colonies. Skilled workers were brought over from England to ply their trade at the iron works. A blast furnace for producing pig iron & gray iron (firebacks, pots, pans, kettles & skillets).
The workers from England did not fit with the local Puritan society & often ran afoul of its law. Many were arrested for crimes like drunkenness, adultery, gambling, fighting cursing, not attending church & wearing fine clothes. The less experienced local men who worked at Iron Works met with frequent & sometimes Fatal accidents. After the Battle of Dunbar in 1650, 60 Scottish prisoners of war were sent to the Iron Works to work as servants.
Although the Iron Works produced a respectable quantity of iron, due to the high cost of labor, financial mismanagement which may have included embezzlement, and a number of lawsuits, it seldom operated at a profit. The Iron Works closed around 1670.
Iron Works House – Was built few years after the Iron Works shut down. Only original seventeenth century building at the Saugus Iron Works site. In 1916, Wallace nutting “restored” it.
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