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Pass By: Smolny Cathedral, Rastrelli Sq., 1, St. Petersburg 191124 Russia
We see how the ancient history of Russia is intertwined with more recent one during 18-20th centuries. We look at the history of struggle for democracy in Russia in the beautiful surroundings of baroque and classical ensembles of the Smolnyii monastery and institute, which was the headquarters of Bolshevik’s revolution and Taurida palace, which was a seat of first Russian democratically elected parlament Duma and first Soviet of soldiers, sailors and workers deputies, that resided in its opposite wings, during the period of so called conflict of dual power, which latter was to be resolved only by violence on part of revolutionary sailors, ordered by Trotsky to march there from Kronshtadt. We learn about other events that started with plots to take power through murder and coup d'etat starting from the very foundation of the city to its Soviet past, those that shook the world and changed its history.
Stop At: Tauride Garden (Tavricheskiy Sad), Potemkinskaya st., 2-4, St. Petersburg 191123 Russia
Walk with me around St.Petersburg’s area connected with the most infamous murderess from Russia's gory history. We learn about appearance of the first Soviets, russian word for council, grass root movement, which started during strikes, when workers sent their representatives on the eve of the first Russian revolution of 1905. We start from Smolnyi monastery iconic baroque building built by Rasstrelly during the reign of Elisabeth, who was Peter the Great's daughter born out of wedlock and who could not be an heiress to the throne, but only suceeded through a coup d'etat. We’ll look at the grounds, where Peter moved his family from Moscow, including his only son prince Alexy whom he later tortured and killed because of his desire to move back to old Muscovite ways of running Russia . And we’ll see how this conflict between Westernizer’s and Slavanofill’s about the best ways to rule Russia, whether through democratically elected representative body of parliament or by autocracy was running throughout the whole of Russia's history till the 20th century, until Stalin finalized his Ivan the Terrible style model of personalized power in order to run centralized Muscovite Russia, first by removing all socialist and liberal parties, who participated in real Russian revolution, which is called second February's bourgeois revolution and turning Russia into a one ruling party country and then into a one man rulling party through arranging a murder of popular communist leader and his best friend Sergei Kirov in Smolnyi institute. We visit Starov’s Taurida palace and garden, seat of first Russian democratically elected parliament, which was built as a farewell present for prince Potemkin, a famous statesman and one of the favorites of Catherine the Great, who also came to power through coup d'etat, deposing and killing her husband. We see the whole ensemble and gound estate she commissioned and which is the best example of combination of classical architecture and English “Capability Brown” gardening style, which is possible only in St.Petersburg’s flat expanses. And we learn how Lenin, beating all odds, through his sheer determination to start the world revolution, comming from Germany in a sealed train and facing not only oposition within the party and his comrades, revising the whole Marxists theory in the process but also persecution, from provisonal goverment, when he was forced to leave the country managed to come back to Smolny headquarters of the Soviets in disguise to stage his own coup d'etat, which was latter proclaimed the third October revolution.
Duration: 2 hours